According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, for its acronym in English), nearly 5 million people suffer dog bites each year. This means that Americans are more likely to suffer a dog bite injury at work. About 20% of people, who have been bitten by a dog, seek medical attention for their injuries.
The severity of a dog bite case varies. Puncture wounds, permanent scarring, nerve damage and fractures are some examples of common injuries. In addition, there is concern of getting an illness of the dog as rabies. Most injuries occur on the face or other part of the head, especially in the case of children, including the number of dog bite victims is considerable.
More severe cases of bites are when the victim suffers permanent injury, for example, when the bite breaks a nerve or damages the underlying tissue. In many of these cases, patients should undergo surgery to repair the affected area and possibly be doing physical therapy. A fracture may also require surgery, according to severity. However, generally, immobilizing a fracture is the broken bone, at least for six weeks.
There can be no stop dog bite, however slight. It is very important to clean the wound with rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to prevent infection. A physician must determine if another treatment is necessary or if the patient needs to be immunized against rabies, a fatal disease if not treated. In general, symptoms of rabies occur in people between 30 and 50 days and include lethargy, loss of appetite, headache and fever. Immediately signs of injury may occur in the nervous system, such as hypersensitivity, convulsions and paralysis.
A person injured because of a bite or a dog attack should seek medical attention. Not doing so can lead to infection and worsen the injury. It is also important to identify the dog responsible for the attack, for both medical and legal reasons.